Agriculture is one of the significant hallmarks of the economic productivity of Nigeria. This is due to the production and exportation of cash and food crops that are putting Nigeria on the global agro-market map, with Sesame seeds one of the viable export products in the country. Sesame seeds are derived from the sesame plant, with the botanical name Sesamum indicum. It usually takes about 5 months for these seeds to reach maturity in their pods, which is evident in the yellowish coloration of the capsules.
Sesame seeds are produced in large quantities in Northern parts of Nigeria, with two annual harvest seasons (August and October). This is because its plant is drought-resistant, such that excessive rainfall can have an adverse effect on its productivity. It is common knowledge that Northern Nigeria is characterized by moderate to low rainfall with high temperatures – making the area a thriving place for producing sesame seeds.
Some of the factors that influence the popularity of sesame seeds are that they are a good source of vegetable oil that is free of cholesterol – making this agricultural product a vegetable oil of high demand across the world. These seeds are also important in the agricultural agrarian export landscape. The country is one of the world’s largest producers of sesame seeds.
Sesame seeds have two significant variants in Nigeria – White Sesame seeds in the Middle Belt, especially Benue State, and Golden Sesame seeds in Kano and Jigawa States.
1. Hulled Sesame Seeds: These are seeds that their exterior covering, called hull or husk, removed. They have a milder flavor that is nurture and a bit less bitter.
2. Unhulled Sesame Seeds: These are seeds with hulls. Unhulled sesame seeds are considered to have their hulls naturally intact. They have a bitter flavor with a nuttier texture.
A direct purchase of sesame seeds from an agro-export company can reduce the stress of sourcing for the produce in Nigeria. But it is important to note certain things when using an export company in the country. There are requirements that must be met to make your export seamless, which include;
- Registration of the export company with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC)
- Registration of the export company with the Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC)
- A domiciliary account to receive international payments
- Bill of lading
- Phytosanitary Certificate
- Certificate of origin
- Fumigation Certificate
- Inspection Certificate
Meanwhile, you can find these agro-export companies dealing with sesame seeds across Nigeria, but the firm leading the cart is Zaph and Zoe Agro Export. This is one of the best exporting companies in Nigeria. The company is not limited to the export of sesame seeds alone. It exports split ginger, cassia tora, soya beans, sorghum, and Hibiscus flowers.
The unit price of sesame seeds in the international market is not fixed, as it depends on certain factors. These include:
- Age of the sesame seeds
- Grade of the seeds (the more significant the processing, the higher the price)
- Harvest season
- Quantity of sesame seeds ordered
- Import duties
- Distance from Nigeria to the destination country
- Freight & haulage cost
- Negotiation between buyers and sellers
It is important to consider some factors when shipping sesame seeds from Nigeria to any destination country.
Shipping a large volume of sesame seeds can be best achieved with sea freight as it is cheaper than air freight. An increased volume often makes the delivery cost via air freight 5-7 times higher than sea freight.
Air freight is considered to be faster in delivery than sea freight. Therefore, the shipping method can depend on how quickly buyers want the delivery from Nigeria. That is why some buyers prefer the delivery time over the cost.
Zaph And Zoe are reliable and are the best agro-export company in Nigeria that allows you to sell sesame seeds internationally. We have all the necessary export requirements to enable the safe and seamless export of sesame seeds to Europe, the United States, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Asia, etc.
With over five (5) years of operation as a registered export company in Nigeria, we are well-positioned to give Nigerian farmers the leverage of getting the best value exchange for their production.
Zaph and Zoe not only helps farmers to export their sesame seeds, but we also provide the best innovation to boost the optimum performance of the crops that would, in turn, maximize productivity.